This course focuses on the life, time, and style of some of the major innovative figures from the 18th century to the present. The musicians covered include a mixture of classical composers (Bach, Beethoven, Wagner, Stravinsky, Copland), jazz musicians (Ellington, Armstrong, and others), and popular/rock musicians (from the Beatles to more recent significant groups/performers). The course will present pertinent biographical and musical information about these musicians with a view toward why and how they are considered pioneers. Appropriate articles, videos, and recordings will supplement the course. From the rich diversity of musicians and musical styles, we will discuss their careers, evaluate their significance, and hear their music. A music background Is not necessary to take this course. Students in the music program cannot take this course.