This course examines statistical techniques for presenting, analyzing, and interpreting facts in a quantitative format. Students gain an understanding of quantifying and organizing data, measuring variables, and determining variance and standard deviation from frequency distributions. The course covers rules of probability, probability distributions, and the use and abuse of the multiplication rule. Sample data is used to estimate population parameters. Tests of significance include one and two-way chi-squares. Statistical reasoning and probability are applied to quantitative and forensic evidence for use in litigious contexts.